青川| 洛扎| 新会| 高碑店| 池州| 五河| 贡山| 新兴| 海丰| 当阳| 临朐| 天水| 仲巴| 贵南| 潮州| 林西| 林州| 黑山| 金昌| 兰溪| 黑水| 鹰潭| 岱岳| 冀州| 徽县| 甘谷| 元坝| 夹江| 平江| 安远| 上海| 根河| 连山| 普洱| 张掖| 郑州| 新泰| 永善| 虞城| 盱眙| 凤县| 凤城| 铜陵县| 乌马河| 永德| 琼山| 盘锦| 莱山| 金寨| 榆社| 喀喇沁旗| 昌乐| 襄城| 夏邑| 鹿泉| 神木| 兴义| 鄂州| 潢川| 湟中| 惠来| 翠峦| 得荣| 贞丰| 宜春| 宜君| 石家庄| 沭阳| 浪卡子| 监利| 济阳| 株洲县| 奎屯| 岳普湖| 平乡| 永川| 濠江| 曾母暗沙| 民丰| 安康| 井陉矿| 台北县| 华蓥| 徽县| 轮台| 梁山| 共和| 肥东| 永顺| 舒城| 浏阳| 福建| 漳平| 七台河| 克拉玛依| 高台| 延庆| 九江市| 德庆| 娄烦| 望城| 召陵| 巴塘| 光泽| 和平| 美溪| 英山| 武隆| 三河| 旬邑| 伊通| 泰兴| 连城| 伽师| 沂水| 沙河| 杜集| 乡宁| 黑山| 洋山港| 萨迦| 仪陇| 高台| 泉州| 贵州| 临沧| 桐柏| 池州| 嘉峪关| 泗洪| 威信| 台江| 松滋| 麻栗坡| 威信| 鄯善| 克什克腾旗| 望江| 隆安| 高陵| 札达| 沛县| 涡阳| 小河| 井陉| 小河| 常州| 岢岚| 鹿邑| 壤塘| 石首| 北票| 江山| 娄烦| 曲水| 什邡| 下陆| 洛浦| 贵南| 长治县| 福山| 蚌埠| 壤塘| 吉林| 渝北| 剑河| 益阳| 漯河| 张北| 宽城| 星子| 澄迈| 惠山| 喀什| 全州| 平阴| 微山| 五华| 巫溪| 新郑| 雅安| 犍为| 洛宁| 霍邱| 郓城| 邛崃| 哈尔滨| 化德| 尉犁| 青岛| 枣庄| 茂县| 安徽| 陇川| 湘东| 德庆| 陵县| 山亭| 渭源| 无锡| 泰和| 通化县| 海沧| 路桥| 科尔沁右翼中旗| 赵县| 辛集| 黔西| 冠县| 长阳| 新县| 平邑| 长武| 肃北| 红星| 松江| 巴中| 浚县| 台前| 伊金霍洛旗| 全州| 石拐| 岳阳市| 河源| 凤翔| 桂林| 贵德| 邻水| 华坪| 张北| 响水| 渭南| 清苑| 眉山| 灞桥| 墨脱| 范县| 溆浦| 林州| 镇赉| 高台| 平乡| 宜良| 大荔| 和政| 连江| 沙县| 西峡| 杨凌| 昌吉| 黎川| 寿宁| 若尔盖| 镇宁| 三原| 涟水| 马关| 马山| 乡城| 周宁| 平阴| 达日| 高雄县|

本溪:以课堂为媒 教学生维权(图)

2019-08-24 02:50 来源:北京热线010

  本溪:以课堂为媒 教学生维权(图)

  今年4月谈及特朗普将台湾视为棋子时,声称“我们也是棋手”,引发多方讥讽。商人出身的特朗普早在《交易的艺术》一书中剧透过这些套路:“交易观”、“叫价法”、“商战守则”。

她叫刘一,今年30岁,在葫芦岛市经营一家瑜伽会馆并担任教练。[{"id":"1","onlinetime":"2016/07/0100:00:00$2016/08/0100:00:00"},{"id":"3","onlinetime":"2016/04/1200:00:00$2016/07/0100:00:00"},{"id":"4","onlinetime":"2016/04/1200:00:00$2016/07/0100:00:00"},{"id":"5","onlinetime":"2016/06/0100:00:00$2016/06/2600:00:00"},{"id":"6","onlinetime":"2016/04/1200:00:00$2016/07/0100:00:00"},{"id":"7","onlinetime":"2016/06/2600:00:00$2016/07/1800:00:00"},{"id":"8","onlinetime":"2016/07/1800:00:00$2016/08/0900:00:00"},{"id":"9","onlinetime":"2016/06/1700:00:00$2016/08/3100:00:00"},{"id":"12","onlinetime":"2016/07/0600:00:00$2016/08/0600:00:00"},{"id":"13","onlinetime":"2016/08/0900:00:00$2016/08/3023:59:59"},{"id":"14","onlinetime":"2016/07/2717:30:14$2016/08/2723:59:59"},{"id":"16","onlinetime":"2016/08/3100:00:00$2016/09/3023:59:59"},{"id":"17","onlinetime":"2016/09/1500:00:00$2016/09/3023:59:59"},{"id":"18","onlinetime":"2016/09/0500:00:00$2016/09/1623:59:59"},{"id":"19","onlinetime":"2016/09/1900:00:00$2016/09/2323:59:59"},{"id":"20","onlinetime":"2016/10/0100:00:00$2016/10/3023:59:59"},{"id":"21","onlinetime":"2017/06/2300:00:00$2099/12/3123:59:59"},{"id":"22","onlinetime":"2016/09/2600:00:00$2016/10/2623:59:59"},{"id":"23","onlinetime":"2016/10/1800:00:00$2016/10/3023:59:59"},{"id":"24","onlinetime":"2016/11/0100:00:00$2016/12/0123:59:59"},{"id":"25","onlinetime":"2016/11/0100:00:00$2016/12/0123:59:59"},{"id":"26","onlinetime":"2016/11/0100:00:00$2016/11/1123:59:59"},{"id":"27","onlinetime":"2016/10/1800:00:00$2016/10/3023:59:59"},{"id":"28","onlinetime":"2016/12/1300:00:00$2017/02/2023:59:59"},{"id":"29","onlinetime":"2016/12/2817:28:32$2017/01/2823:59:59"},{"id":"30","onlinetime":"2016/12/0100:00:00$2016/12/1223:59:59"},{"id":"31","onlinetime":"2016/12/0200:00:00$2016/12/1223:59:59"},{"id":"32","onlinetime":"2016/12/1317:33:15$2017/01/1323:59:59"},{"id":"33","onlinetime":"2016/12/2211:19:01$2017/12/2211:19:03"},{"id":"34","onlinetime":"2016/12/2211:19:01$2017/12/2211:19:03"},{"id":"35","onlinetime":"2017/02/1614:19:45$2017/03/1523:59:59"},{"id":"36","onlinetime":"2017/03/1700:00:00$2017/03/3123:59:59"},{"id":"37","onlinetime":"2017/03/1700:00:00$2017/03/3123:59:59"},{"id":"38","onlinetime":"2017/03/0100:00:00$2017/04/0123:59:59"},{"id":"39","onlinetime":"2017/03/0100:00:00$2017/04/0122:59:59"},{"id":"40","onlinetime":"2017/04/0100:00:00$2017/04/2123:59:59"},{"id":"41","onlinetime":"2017/04/1200:00:00$2017/05/1223:59:59"},{"id":"42","onlinetime":"2017/04/2200:00:00$2017/05/1523:59:59"},{"id":"43","onlinetime":"2017/04/2200:00:00$2017/05/1523:59:59"},{"id":"44","onlinetime":"2017/05/2200:00:00$2017/06/2223:59:59"},{"id":"45","onlinetime":"2017/05/2200:00:00$2017/05/2923:59:59"},{"id":"46","onlinetime":"2017/06/0100:00:00$2017/07/0123:59:59"},{"id":"47","onlinetime":"2017/07/2000:00:00$2017/08/1923:59:59"},{"id":"48","onlinetime":"2017/09/0115:00:00$2017/09/3015:00:00"},{"id":"49","onlinetime":"2017/10/0100:00:00$2017/10/1923:59:59"},{"id":"50","onlinetime":"2017/10/0100:00:00$2017/10/1923:59:59"},{"id":"51","onlinetime":"2017/08/1800:00:00$2017/08/3123:59:59"},{"id":"52","onlinetime":"2017/08/1800:00:00$2017/09/1823:59:59"},{"id":"53","onlinetime":"2017/08/1800:00:00$2017/09/1723:59:59"},{"id":"54","onlinetime":"2017/09/0100:00:00$2017/09/2923:59:59"},{"id":"55","onlinetime":"2017/11/1200:00:00$2017/12/1223:59:59"},{"id":"56","onlinetime":"2017/10/2000:00:00$2017/11/1123:59:59"},{"id":"57","onlinetime":"2017/11/0200:00:00$2017/11/1200:00:00"},{"id":"58","onlinetime":"2018/03/1600:00:00$2018/04/0823:59:59"},{"id":"59","onlinetime":"2018/03/1600:00:00$2018/04/0823:59:59"},{"id":"60","onlinetime":"2017/11/2700:00:00$2017/12/2723:59:59"},{"id":"61","onlinetime":"2017/11/2700:00:00$2017/12/2723:59:59"},{"id":"62","onlinetime":"2018/01/0415:00:00$2018/01/1723:59:59"},{"id":"63","onlinetime":"2018/01/1800:00:00$2018/02/1823:59:59"},{"id":"64","onlinetime":"2017/12/2116:01:03$2018/01/2123:59:59"},{"id":"65","onlinetime":"2018/01/1815:31:34$2018/02/1823:59:59"},{"id":"66","onlinetime":"2018/03/0500:00:00$2018/03/1500:00:00"},{"id":"67","onlinetime":"2018/03/1600:00:00$2018/04/0800:00:00"},{"id":"68","onlinetime":"2018/03/0900:00:00$2018/04/0923:59:59"},{"id":"69","onlinetime":"2018/04/0900:00:00$2018/05/0823:59:59"},{"id":"70","onlinetime":"2018/04/0810:16:57$2018/05/0400:00:00"},{"id":"71","onlinetime":"2018/04/0810:17:46$2018/05/0400:00:00"},{"id":"72","onlinetime":"2018/04/1900:00:00$2018/05/0223:59:59"},{"id":"73","onlinetime":"2018/05/0400:00:00$2018/05/1623:59:59"},{"id":"74","onlinetime":"2018/05/0200:00:00$2018/05/1623:59:59"},{"id":"75","onlinetime":"2018/05/2817:25:35$2018/06/2823:59:59"},{"id":"76","onlinetime":"2018/05/2817:26:43$2018/06/2823:59:59"},{"id":"c_ph_tujia_h","onlinetime":"2018/01/2418:00:00$2018/12/3123:59:59"},{"id":"c_ph_lipinplus_l","onlinetime":"2017/04/2110:38:46$2017/04/2800:00:00"}]

  “其实瑜伽给我带来的最大好处在于:体验一种愉悦舒适的身心平衡,尽管在练习中也会遇到挑战。报道称,台军此次演练“全程运用空包弹、烟雾弹及模爆片”,借由产生的爆破声、烟硝味增加仿真临场感,以“磨练官兵在战场实况下的临战抗压能力”。

  关于中华网  中华网()成立于1999年5月。然而在中国的舜宇光学科技(集团)有限公司,最富有的员工同样可能是车间工人、门卫或者食堂的厨师。

”路透社在报道中这样说。

    作为一个综合性的网络媒体,中华网拥有中国访问量最大的军事站点---中华网军事,同时中华网新闻、财经、娱乐、体育、科技、旅游等近20个频道每天向世界滚动播报最新最全面的信息和服务。

  为了达成最终的目的,他正不惜一切与世为敌。【活动亮点】1、通过此次高峰论坛为网页游戏移动游戏产业各方精英提供一个思想交流与合作专属平台;2、通过金页奖的评选活动,推举出更多具有实际意义和代表性的优秀游戏产品和游戏企业,旨在引导中国的网页游戏移动游戏行业健康发展;3、继续进行国内最早针对网页游戏并已历时四届的金页奖评选活动,该活动已成为游戏行业里最具权威性、最具影响力、最为广泛的评选之一。

  正如中国驻美公使李克新去年年底在华盛顿所言:“美国军舰抵达高雄之日,就是我解放军武力统一台湾之时。

  中华网社区部分版权声明  严格遵守中华人民共和国版权法,任何转载或转贴都应注明真实作者和真实出处。”几个月下来,警犬“天府”终于转型成为一只合格的搜救犬。

  ”他说。

  [{"id":"1","onlinetime":"2016/07/0100:00:00$2016/08/0100:00:00"},{"id":"3","onlinetime":"2016/04/1200:00:00$2016/07/0100:00:00"},{"id":"4","onlinetime":"2016/04/1200:00:00$2016/07/0100:00:00"},{"id":"5","onlinetime":"2016/06/0100:00:00$2016/06/2600:00:00"},{"id":"6","onlinetime":"2016/04/1200:00:00$2016/07/0100:00:00"},{"id":"7","onlinetime":"2016/06/2600:00:00$2016/07/1800:00:00"},{"id":"8","onlinetime":"2016/07/1800:00:00$2016/08/0900:00:00"},{"id":"9","onlinetime":"2016/06/1700:00:00$2016/08/3100:00:00"},{"id":"12","onlinetime":"2016/07/0600:00:00$2016/08/0600:00:00"},{"id":"13","onlinetime":"2016/08/0900:00:00$2016/08/3023:59:59"},{"id":"14","onlinetime":"2016/07/2717:30:14$2016/08/2723:59:59"},{"id":"16","onlinetime":"2016/08/3100:00:00$2016/09/3023:59:59"},{"id":"17","onlinetime":"2016/09/1500:00:00$2016/09/3023:59:59"},{"id":"18","onlinetime":"2016/09/0500:00:00$2016/09/1623:59:59"},{"id":"19","onlinetime":"2016/09/1900:00:00$2016/09/2323:59:59"},{"id":"20","onlinetime":"2016/10/0100:00:00$2016/10/3023:59:59"},{"id":"21","onlinetime":"2017/06/2300:00:00$2099/12/3123:59:59"},{"id":"22","onlinetime":"2016/09/2600:00:00$2016/10/2623:59:59"},{"id":"23","onlinetime":"2016/10/1800:00:00$2016/10/3023:59:59"},{"id":"24","onlinetime":"2016/11/0100:00:00$2016/12/0123:59:59"},{"id":"25","onlinetime":"2016/11/0100:00:00$2016/12/0123:59:59"},{"id":"26","onlinetime":"2016/11/0100:00:00$2016/11/1123:59:59"},{"id":"27","onlinetime":"2016/10/1800:00:00$2016/10/3023:59:59"},{"id":"28","onlinetime":"2016/12/1300:00:00$2017/02/2023:59:59"},{"id":"29","onlinetime":"2016/12/2817:28:32$2017/01/2823:59:59"},{"id":"30","onlinetime":"2016/12/0100:00:00$2016/12/1223:59:59"},{"id":"31","onlinetime":"2016/12/0200:00:00$2016/12/1223:59:59"},{"id":"32","onlinetime":"2016/12/1317:33:15$2017/01/1323:59:59"},{"id":"33","onlinetime":"2016/12/2211:19:01$2017/12/2211:19:03"},{"id":"34","onlinetime":"2016/12/2211:19:01$2017/12/2211:19:03"},{"id":"35","onlinetime":"2017/02/1614:19:45$2017/03/1523:59:59"},{"id":"36","onlinetime":"2017/03/1700:00:00$2017/03/3123:59:59"},{"id":"37","onlinetime":"2017/03/1700:00:00$2017/03/3123:59:59"},{"id":"38","onlinetime":"2017/03/0100:00:00$2017/04/0123:59:59"},{"id":"39","onlinetime":"2017/03/0100:00:00$2017/04/0122:59:59"},{"id":"40","onlinetime":"2017/04/0100:00:00$2017/04/2123:59:59"},{"id":"41","onlinetime":"2017/04/1200:00:00$2017/05/1223:59:59"},{"id":"42","onlinetime":"2017/04/2200:00:00$2017/05/1523:59:59"},{"id":"43","onlinetime":"2017/04/2200:00:00$2017/05/1523:59:59"},{"id":"44","onlinetime":"2017/05/2200:00:00$2017/06/2223:59:59"},{"id":"45","onlinetime":"2017/05/2200:00:00$2017/05/2923:59:59"},{"id":"46","onlinetime":"2017/06/0100:00:00$2017/07/0123:59:59"},{"id":"47","onlinetime":"2017/07/2000:00:00$2017/08/1923:59:59"},{"id":"48","onlinetime":"2017/09/0115:00:00$2017/09/3015:00:00"},{"id":"49","onlinetime":"2017/10/0100:00:00$2017/10/1923:59:59"},{"id":"50","onlinetime":"2017/10/0100:00:00$2017/10/1923:59:59"},{"id":"51","onlinetime":"2017/08/1800:00:00$2017/08/3123:59:59"},{"id":"52","onlinetime":"2017/08/1800:00:00$2017/09/1823:59:59"},{"id":"53","onlinetime":"2017/08/1800:00:00$2017/09/1723:59:59"},{"id":"54","onlinetime":"2017/09/0100:00:00$2017/09/2923:59:59"},{"id":"55","onlinetime":"2017/11/1200:00:00$2017/12/1223:59:59"},{"id":"56","onlinetime":"2017/10/2000:00:00$2017/11/1123:59:59"},{"id":"57","onlinetime":"2017/11/0200:00:00$2017/11/1200:00:00"},{"id":"58","onlinetime":"2018/03/1600:00:00$2018/04/0823:59:59"},{"id":"59","onlinetime":"2018/03/1600:00:00$2018/04/0823:59:59"},{"id":"60","onlinetime":"2017/11/2700:00:00$2017/12/2723:59:59"},{"id":"61","onlinetime":"2017/11/2700:00:00$2017/12/2723:59:59"},{"id":"62","onlinetime":"2018/01/0415:00:00$2018/01/1723:59:59"},{"id":"63","onlinetime":"2018/01/1800:00:00$2018/02/1823:59:59"},{"id":"64","onlinetime":"2017/12/2116:01:03$2018/01/2123:59:59"},{"id":"65","onlinetime":"2018/01/1815:31:34$2018/02/1823:59:59"},{"id":"66","onlinetime":"2018/03/0500:00:00$2018/03/1500:00:00"},{"id":"67","onlinetime":"2018/03/1600:00:00$2018/04/0800:00:00"},{"id":"68","onlinetime":"2018/03/0900:00:00$2018/04/0923:59:59"},{"id":"69","onlinetime":"2018/04/0900:00:00$2018/05/0823:59:59"},{"id":"70","onlinetime":"2018/04/0810:16:57$2018/05/0400:00:00"},{"id":"71","onlinetime":"2018/04/0810:17:46$2018/05/0400:00:00"},{"id":"72","onlinetime":"2018/04/1900:00:00$2018/05/0223:59:59"},{"id":"73","onlinetime":"2018/05/0400:00:00$2018/05/1623:59:59"},{"id":"74","onlinetime":"2018/05/0200:00:00$2018/05/1623:59:59"},{"id":"75","onlinetime":"2018/05/2817:25:35$2018/06/2823:59:59"},{"id":"76","onlinetime":"2018/05/2817:26:43$2018/06/2823:59:59"},{"id":"c_ph_tujia_h","onlinetime":"2018/01/2418:00:00$2018/12/3123:59:59"},{"id":"c_ph_lipinplus_l","onlinetime":"2017/04/2110:38:46$2017/04/2800:00:00"}]

  另外,各类广告文案充斥着页面:强光照明、户外防身加强版,军工品质;铁血战士隐形户外防身武器;X10防身自卫武器等等。对于岛内一部分人对美国不切实际的幻想,台湾《中国时报》在4日的一篇报道中警告称:“听到友台口惠,别忘川普善变。

  

  本溪:以课堂为媒 教学生维权(图)

 
责编:
注册

宗教信仰的等级化:读《上帝在中国源流考》

知情人士还表示,相关谈判成果细节仍有待双方确认,可能还需要双方后续谈判。


来源:晶报

“上帝在中国”源流考: 中国典籍中的“上帝”信仰

《“上帝在中国”源流考 : 中国典籍中的上帝信仰》

杨鹏

书海出版社,2014年7月 

这两天读杨鹏先生的《“上帝在中国”源流考》。这个书名容易给人一个误会,以为是“基督教在中国”的源流考。事实上此“上帝”非彼“上帝”,因此书中涉及的宗教信仰也不是基督教。

在我们现在的日常语言中,“上帝”一般是指基督教的“上帝”。不过,当初利玛窦把“YHWH”翻译为“天主”、“天”、“上帝”、“天帝”,乃至把玛利亚翻为“圣母”、把Bible翻为“圣经”等等译法,显然有把基督教汉化以便让中国人觉得亲切而能接受的策略性考虑。语言上的这种“攀亲带故”是一个有意思的现象,除了亲切之外,它也能引发思想上的晕眩效应,不如不攀援。然而,“上帝”这个称谓仍然最终要受到基督教语境的规定与定义,跟先秦的“上帝”所属的语境到底是两回事。

过去我们读中国哲学史或者是中国宗教史,甚少集中看见讲中国人的“上帝崇拜”这回事的。杨鹏经过大量典籍资料收罗和爬梳剔抉,使得这一脉络赫然呈现,这是有价值的贡献。其中,杨鹏说“‘上帝’崇拜(天崇拜),是有文字记载以来的中国君王朝廷的宗教传统,在政治上属于中国最高的宗教,是中国宗教传统中最具政治性的宗教。君王垄断了“上帝”崇拜(天崇拜),其他宗教皆没有取得与上帝崇拜同等重要的政治地位。”这段话引出一个大问题,那就是中国的宗教信仰是有权力等级划分的。这个并不是杨鹏的创见。

吕思勉的《中国通史》谈到过宗教信仰的等级化。他说从氏族进而到封建,宗教家的一个工作就是把神灵分类并理出一个尊卑贵贱的关系来。《周官·大宗伯》的分类是:1、天神;2、地祗;3、人鬼;4、物魅。天神包括日月、星辰、风雨等,但又有一个总天神。《礼记·王制》说:“天子祭天地,诸侯祭其境内名山大川。” 《说苑》一书亦说:“天子祀上帝,公侯祀百神,自卿以下不过其族。”这就是杨鹏先生说的君王垄断了上帝崇拜,也就是宗教信仰的权力等级化。

如说对至上神亦即上帝的崇拜勉强可以跟基督教相比拟,那其中可以发人深省的地方是:基督教是穷人的宗教,基督教是普遍化的宗教,基督教强调个体的原罪与救赎。那么被君王垄断的“上帝崇拜”呢?它是权贵的信仰,是特殊化的宗教,是增加君王的权力、荣耀、力量的宗教,因此它不能成为普遍性的坐标也是理所当然的。

但话又说回来,中国君王之崇拜上帝,其实跟中国老百姓的信奉鬼神一样,有之则是一种非常“稀薄的关系”,是权宜之计,是急时抱佛脚,是一种锦上添花的笼罩,甚至于是一堆流行的、习惯的套话,比如“奉天承运”,我们几曾看见有人论证什么叫“奉天承运”?君王有事,还是在祖宗那里、家法里面获得的启示更多一些吧。而中西宗教的不同的际遇,对彼此历史的影响极为深远。

[责任编辑:叶凯汶]

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